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Outsourced Manufacturing and Trade Secrets: Contractual Trade Secret Protection Measures (Part 9)

 Outsourced Manufacturing and Trade Secrets: Contractual Trade Secret Protection Measures (Part 9) by David L. CohenAs we have discussed elsewhere, a trade secret audit or assessment is vital if a company is to protect itself during the outsourced manufacturing process. [See these articles: Trade Secret Audits – Why Bother? ; You’ve Decided to Conduct a Trade Secret Audit. Now What?; You’ve Decided to Conduct a Trade Secret Audit. Now What? Part 2 ] Read more

Outsourced Manufacturing and Trade Secrets: Controlling the Manufacturing Process (Part 8)

Outsourced Manufacturing and Trade Secrets: Controlling the Manufacturing Process by David L. Cohen

Last time, I discussed outsourced manufacturing as well as the process and personnel. Now, I continue the discussion by exploring control over transactions and products as it relates to IP protection.

Establishing and Maintaining Oversight

Requiring the manufacturer to maintain a designated facility for all work involving the transaction can reduce the risk of violations and simplify the monitoring and protection of the company’s IP. In all cases, the company should reserve the right to frequently audit the manufacturer’s facilities. If possible, the scope of these audit rights should extend enterprise-wide to ensure protection and containment of critical information. Read more

Outsourced Manufacturing and Trade Secrets: Transaction Structure & Contract (Part 6)

Outsourced Manufacturing and Trade Secrets: Transaction Structure & Contract by David L. Cohen

Transaction Structure

Once the company selects a potential outsourced manufacturing partner, it should design a transaction structure that reinforces its commercial expectations and the manufacturer’s contractual obligations. Specifically, the company should structure the outsourced manufacturing transaction in a manner best suited to protect the company’s key intellectual assets (both registered IP and unregistered IP like trade secrets and know-how). Transaction structure considerations include both the particular corporate and contractual form of the relationship, and how the company will delegate the manufacturing process to the outsourced manufacturer. Read more

Outsourced Manufacturing and Trade Secrets: Due Diligence (Part 5)

Outsourced Manufacturing and Trade Secrets: Due Diligence by David L. CohenPerhaps the single most important part of outsourced manufacturing is to select a trustworthy partner. A company should not enter into any transaction unless it has a good basis to believe that the manufacturer will be an acceptable partner. This requires rigorous due diligence, including:

  • Background checks of the manufacturer’s principal officers, directors, and key personnel.
  • Audits of the manufacturer’s financial statements.
  • Inspections of the manufacturer’s facilities.
  • Investigations of the manufacturer’s supply chain and trading partners.

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Outsourced Manufacturing and Trade Secrets: Internal Controls (Part 4)

Outsourced Manufacturing and Trade Secrets: Internal Controls by David L. CohenWhen a company, for the soundest of business reasons, is exploring placing its crown jewels, its intellectual assets, in the hands of a third party, proper internal controls are vital.

A company’s internal controls may help to ensure proper:

  • Vetting and selection of the prospective manufacturer during the due diligence process.
  • Negotiation of the outsourced manufacturing relationship.
  • Management of the outsourced manufacturing transaction and relationship with the manufacturer.

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Outsourced Manufacturing and Trade Secrets: Risks & Benefits (Part 3)

Outsourced Manufacturing and Trade Secrets: Risks & Benefits by David L. CohenNearly all manufacturing processes involve a significant number of intellectual assets. These assets may include registered intellectual property (designs, patents, copyrights, or trademarks) or unregistered trade secrets, know-how, confidential information, or other intangibles. Read more

Outsourced Manufacturing and Trade Secrets: Outsourced Manufacturing (Part 2)

Outsourced Manufacturing and Trade Secrets: Outsourced Manufacturing by David L. Cohen

There are two common categories of outsourced manufacturing: toll manufacturing and contract manufacturing. While both these manufacturing options have distinct and clear characteristics, their strategic advantage is their ability to provide customers with valuable ways to save both time and capital on their product line development. Read more

Outsourced Manufacturing and Trade Secrets: An Economic Overview (Part 1)

Since the beginning of the industrial age, companies have outsourced part of the manufacturing process to third-party providers. In the twentieth century, as manufacturing processes became more complex and distribution more global, this trend accelerated.

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